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COBRA Insurance 101

Updated: Apr 18

Reviewing the basics of COBRA and employer-sponsored healthcare plans for a job loss

Reviewing the basics of COBRA and employer-sponsored healthcare plans for a job loss

Insurance can be complicated, costly, and confusing, and health insurance is perhaps the best example of this. It’s an often overlooked aspect of our financial lives, providing stability amidst uncertainty and an invaluable layer of protection for you and your family.

For nearly half of all Americans, health insurance comes from an employer-sponsored plan. (You’ll learn more about this during open enrollment or when you start a new job). And losing that plan can add another layer of stress to an already challenging and complex situation.

So, the government created COBRA, and no, it has nothing to do with reptiles. COBRA essentially provides a safety net for workers that have recently lost their job or had a reduction in work hours, resulting in the loss of their employer-sponsored health insurance coverage.

How does COBRA work? Is it right for your healthcare needs?

COBRA stands for Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act. Catchy, right? Basically, it’s a federal law that requires employers with 20 or more employees to continue an employee’s health insurance coverage for a certain period of time after a qualifying event, such as job loss, a reduction in work hours, or even retirement.

COBRA coverage provides temporary insurance until you can secure coverage elsewhere. It can be a helpful option for those who need to maintain their current healthcare providers or have pre-existing conditions that your new insurance plans may not cover.

The Pros and Cons of COBRA

Like any healthcare option, COBRA has pros and cons you should carefully consider before making any decisions.

The pros of COBRA

Continuation of healthcare coverage

COBRA allows you to continue the same healthcare coverage you had through your employer, which can be helpful if you have pre-existing conditions or a preferred healthcare provider.


You already know the coverage and providers available through your employer-sponsored plan, so there’s less uncertainty and change to deal with. This is a huge plus, but don’t get too comfortable with this temporary coverage.

No waiting periods or exclusions

COBRA coverage starts immediately with no waiting periods or exclusions for pre-existing conditions. This is important, as any gap in your coverage could end up being detrimental, especially during layoffs or when you’re low on cash.


Typically, you can extend COBRA coverage up to 18 months and sometimes up to 36 months, depending on your qualifying event and other factors.

The cons

The cost

COBRA coverage can be expensive, as you are typically responsible for paying the total cost of the premium plus an administrative fee. Just make sure you plan ahead of time, especially if cash is tight.

Limited timeframe

COBRA coverage is temporary, so creating a plan for other healthcare coverage is essential. Quality coverage is paramount since medical expenses are costly and medical debts could tragically weigh down your credit.

No subsidies

COBRA coverage will be more costly than what you’re accustomed to. Unlike employer-sponsored plans, no subsidies are available for COBRA coverage, and in most cases, the individual bears the total cost. Make sure to budget ahead of time and ensure this fits within your budget guidelines.

Not always the best option

Depending on your healthcare needs and financial situation, COBRA may not be your best option for your medical needs.

COBRA Alternatives

While COBRA can provide valuable temporary healthcare coverage, some alternatives may be more cost-effective and better suited to your needs.


If you meet certain income and other eligibility requirements, you may qualify for Medicaid, a federal and state program that provides healthcare coverage for low-income individuals and families.

Affordable Care Act (ACA)

The ACA, also known as Obamacare, provides healthcare coverage options for individuals and families through state and federal marketplaces. Depending on your income and other factors, you may qualify for subsidies that make coverage more affordable than a COBRA policy.

Short-term health insurance

Short-term health insurance plans provide temporary coverage for individuals and families who need healthcare coverage for a limited time, typically up to 12 months.

Health sharing ministries

Health-sharing ministries are non-profit organizations that allow members to share healthcare costs. Members pay a monthly fee and share healthcare costs with members with similar beliefs and values.

Tips for Enrolling in COBRA

Understanding and enrolling in COBRA can be a daunting task, but with the proper preparation, it can be a smooth process. Here are some tips for enrolling in COBRA:

Know your deadlines

One of the most important things to keep in mind when enrolling in COBRA is that there are strict deadlines. You have 60 days from the time you lose your job-based health coverage to enroll in COBRA. You must meet this deadline to be able to enroll.

Gather your information

Before starting the enrollment process, ensure you have all the necessary information, and consider consulting a professional. You'll need to provide personal information for yourself and any dependents you're enrolling and information about your previous health coverage.

Compare plans

Just because you're enrolling in COBRA doesn't mean you can't shop around for the best plan. Take the time to compare plans and costs to ensure you get the best coverage for your needs.

Consider other options

While COBRA may be a good option for some, it's not always the most affordable choice. Consider other options, such as private health insurance plans, to ensure you get the best coverage at the best price.

Closing Thoughts — Bringing It All Together

COBRA can be a helpful safety net for those who have lost their job-based health coverage, but it's crucial to weigh the pros and cons before enrolling. While COBRA can be expensive, it can also provide continuity of care and peace of mind during uncertainty.

Understanding how COBRA works can help you make informed decisions about your healthcare coverage during a transition period. By considering the pros and cons, exploring alternatives, and being prepared for enrollment, you can make the best choice for your health needs and those of your family.

And we’d trust you to do just that. You’re on a journey to financial independence, and we’re right here with you every step of the way. Diligence is required, so here’s a friendly nudge to log into Pocketnest regularly, stay atop your to-do list, keep a watch on your transactions, and stay en route to financial wellness. #YouGotThis


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